Lunar 100

Il Lunar 100 è un elenco delle 100 formazioni più interessanti da osservare sulla Luna. L’elenco è stato descritto da Charles A. Wood nell’articolo The Lunar 100 nel numero di aprile 2004 della rivista Sky and Telescope.

Gli oggetti elencati includono crateri, mari, montagne e altre caratteristiche e sono disposti in ordine crescente di difficoltà di osservazione.

No.

Feature Name

Significance

1

Moon

Large satellite

2

Earthshine

Twice reflected sunlight

3

Mare/highland dichotomy

Two materials with distinct compositions

4

Apennines

Imbrium basin rim

5

Copernicus

Archetypal large complex crater

6

Tycho

Large rayed crater with impact melts

7

Altai Scarp

Nectaris basin rim

8

Theophilus, Cyrillus, Catharina

Crater sequence illustrating stages of degradation

9

Clavius

Lacks basin features in spite of its size

10

Mare Crisium

Mare contained in large circular basin

11

Aristarchus

Very bright crater with dark bands on its walls

12

Proclus

Oblique-impact rays

13

Gassendi

Floor-fractured crater

14

Sinus Iridum

Very large crater with missing rim

15

Straight Wall

Best example of a lunar fault

16

Petavius

Crater with domed and fractured floor

17

Schroter’s Valley

Giant sinuous rille

18

Mare Serenitatis dark edges

Distinct mare areas with different compositions

19

Alpine Valley

Lunar graben

20

Posidonius

Floor-fractured crater

21

Fracastorius

Crater with subsided and fractured floor

22

Aristarchus Plateau

Mysterious uplifted region mantled with pyroclastics

23

Pico

Isolated Imbrium basin-ring fragment

24

Hyginus Rille

Rille containing rimless collapse pits

25

Messier and Messier A

Oblique ricochet-impact pair

26

Mare Frigoris

Arcuate mare of uncertain origin

27

Archimedes

Large crater lacking central peak

28

Hipparchus

Subject of first drawing of a single crater

29

Aridaeus Rille

Long, linear graben

30

Schiller

Possible oblique impact

31

Taruntius

Young floor-fractured crater

32

Arago Alpha and Beta

Volcanic domes

33

Serpentine Ridge

Basin inner-ring segment

34

Lacus Mortis Triesnecker Rilles

Strange crater with rille and ridge

35

Triesnecker Rilles

Rille family

36

Grimaldi basin

A small two-ring basin

37

Bailly

Barely discernible basin

38

Sabine and Ritter

Possible twin impacts

39

Schickard

Crater floor with Orientale basin ejecta stripe

40

Janssen Rille

Rare example of a highland rille

41

Bessel ray

Ray of uncertain origin near Bessel

42

Marius Hills

Complex of volcanic domes and hills

43

Wargentin

A crater filled to the rim with lava or ejecta

44

Mersenius

Domed floor cut by secondary craters

45

Maurolycus

Region of saturation cratering

46

Regiomontanus central peak

Possible volcanic peak

47

Alphonsus dark spots

Dark-halo eruptions on crater floor

48

Cauchy region

Fault, rilles and domes

49

Gruithuisen Delta and Gamma

Volcanic domes formed with viscous lavas

50

Cayley Plains

Light, smooth plains of uncertain origin

51

Davy crater chain

Result of comet-fragment impacts

52

Cruger

Possible volcanic caldera

53

Lamont

Possible buried basin

54

Hippalus Rilles

Rilles concentric to Humorum basin

55

Baco

Unusually smooth crater floor and surrounding plains

56

Mare Australe

A partially flooded ancient basin

57

Reiner Gamma

Conspicuous swirl and magnetic anomaly

58

Rheita Valley

Basin secondary-crater chain

59

Schiller-Zucchius basin

Badly degraded overlooked basin

60

Kies Pi

Volcanic dome

61

Mosting A

Simple crater close to centre of lunar near side

62

Rumker Hills

Large volcanic dome

63

Imbrium sculpture

Basin ejecta near and overlying Boscovich and Julius Caesar

64

Descartes

Apollo 16 landing site; putative region of highland volcanism

65

Hortensius domes

Dome field north of Hortensius

66

Hadley Rille

Lava channel near Apollo 15 landing site

67

Fra Mauro formation

Apollo 14 landing site on Imbrium ejecta

68

Flamsteed P

Proposed young volcanic crater; Surveyor 1 landing site

69

Copernicus secondary craters

Rays and craterlets near Pytheas

70

Humboldtianum basin

Multi-ring impact basin

71

Sulpicius Gallus dark mantle

Ash eruptions northwest of crater

72

Atlas dark-halo craters

Explosive pits on the floor of Atlas

73

Smythii basin

Difficult-to-observe basin scarp and mare

74

Copernicus H

Dark-halo impact crater

75

Ptolemaeus B

Saucerlike depression on the floor of Ptolemaeus

76

W. Bond

Large crater degraded by Imbrium ejecta

77

Sirsalis Rille

Procellarum basin radial rilles

78

Lambert R

A buried “ghost” crater

79

Sinus Aestuum

Eastern dark-mantle volcanic deposit

80

Orientale basin

Youngest large impact basin

81

Hesiodus A

Concentric crater

82

Linne

Small crater once thought to have disappeared

83

Plato craterlets

Crater pits at limits of detection

84

Pitatus

Crater with concentric rilles

85

Langrenus rays

Aged ray system

86

Prinz Rilles

Rille system near the Prinz

87

Humboldt

Crater with central peaks and dark spots

88

Peary

Difficult-to-observe polar crater

89

Valentine Dome

Volcanic dome

90

Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins

Small craters near the Apollo 11 landing site

91

De Gasparis Rilles

Area with many rilles

92

Gylden Valley

Part of Imbrium radial sculpture

93

Dionysius rays

Unusual and rare dark rays

94

Drygalski

Large south-pole region crater

95

Procellarum basin

The Moon’s biggest basin?

96

Leibnitz Mountains

Rim of South Pole-Aitken basin

97

Inghirami Valley

Orientale basin ejecta

98

Imbrium lava flows

Mare lave-flow boundaries

99

Ina caldera

D-shaped young volcanic caldera

100

Mare Marginis swirls

Possible magnetic-field deposits

 

Lunar 100

/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a1-moon-jpg/ 1_Moon /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a3-mare-highland-dichotomy-jpg/ 3_Mare-highland dichotomy /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a4-apennines-jpg/ 4_Apennines /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a5-copernicus-jpg/ 5_Copernicus
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a6-tycho-jpg/ 6_Tycho /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a7-altai-scarp-jpg/ 7_Altai Scarp /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a8-theophilus-cyrillus-catharina-jpg/ 8_Theophilus-Cyrillus-Catharina /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a9-clavius-jpg/ 9_Clavius
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a10-mare-crisium-jpg/ 10_Mare Crisium /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a11-aristarchus-jpg/ 11_Aristarchus /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a12-proclus-jpg/ 12_Proclus /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a13-gassendi-jpg/ 13_Gassendi
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a14-sinus-iridum-jpg/ 14_Sinus Iridum /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a15-straight-wall-jpg/ 15_Straight Wall /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a16-petavius-jpg/ 16_Petavius /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a17-schroter-s-valley-jpg/ 17_Schroter's Valley
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a18-mare-serenitatis-dark-edges-jpg/ 18_Mare Serenitatis dark edges /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a19-alpine-valley-jpg/ 19_ Alpine Valley /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a20-posidonius-jpg/ 20_Posidonius /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a21-fracastorius-jpg/ 21_Fracastorius
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a22-aristarchus-plateau-jpg/ 22_Aristarchus Plateau /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a23-pico-jpg/ 23_Pico /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a24-hyginus-rille-jpg/ 24_Hyginus Rille /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a25-messier-and-messier-a-jpg/ 25_Messier and Messier A
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a26-mare-frigoris-jpg/ 26_Mare Frigoris /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a27-archimedes-jpg/ 27_Archimedes /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a28-hipparchus-jpg/ 28_Hipparchus /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a29-aridaeus-rille-jpg/ 29_Aridaeus Rille
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a30-schiller-jpg/ 30_Schiller /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a31-taruntius-jpg/ 31_Taruntius /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a32-arago-alpha-and-beta-jpg/ 32_Arago Alpha and Beta /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a33-serpentine-ridge-jpg/ 33_Serpentine Ridge
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a34-lacus-mortis-trienecker-rilles-jpg/ 34_Lacus Mortis Trienecker Rilles /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a35-triesnecker-rilles-jpg/ 35_Triesnecker Rilles /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a36-grimaldi-basin-jpg/ 36_Grimaldi basin /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a37-bailly-jpg/ 37_Bailly
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a38-sabine-and-ritter-jpg/ 38_Sabine and Ritter /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a39-schickard-jpg/ 39_Schickard /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a40-janssen-rille-jpg/ 40_Janssen Rille /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a41-bessel-ray-jpg/ 41_Bessel ray
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a42-marius-hills-jpg/ 42_Marius Hills /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a43-wargentin-jpg/ 43_Wargentin /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a44-mersenius-jpg/ 44_Mersenius /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a45-maurolycus-jpg/ 45_Maurolycus
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a46-regiomontanus-central-peak-jpg/ 46_Regiomontanus central peak /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a47-alphonsus-dark-spots-jpg/ 47_Alphonsus dark spots /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a48-cauchy-region-jpg/ 48_Cauchy region /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a49-gruithuisen-delta-and-gamma-jpg/ 49_Gruithuisen Delta and Gamma
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a50-cayley-plains-jpg/ 50_Cayley Plains /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a51-davy-crater-chain-jpg/ 51_Davy crater chain /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a52-cruger-jpg/ 52_Cruger /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a53-lamont-jpg/ 53_Lamont
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a54-hippalus-rilles-jpg/ 54_Hippalus Rilles /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a55-baco-jpg/ 55_Baco /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a56-mare-australe-jpg/ 56_Mare Australe /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a57-reiner-gamma-jpg/ 57_Reiner Gamma
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a58-rheita-valley-jpg/ 58_Rheita Valley /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a59-schiller-zucchius-basin-jpg/ 59_Schiller-Zucchius basin /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a60-kies-pi-jpg/ 60_Kies Pi /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a61-mosting-a-jpg/ 61_Mosting A
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a62-rumker-hills-jpg/ 62_Rumker Hills /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a63-imbrium-sculpture-jpg/ 63_Imbrium sculpture /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a64-descartes-jpg/ 64_Descartes /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a65-hortensius-domes-jpg/ 65_Hortensius domes
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a66-hadley-rille-jpg/ 66_Hadley Rille /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a67-fra-mauro-formation-jpg/ 67_Fra Mauro formation /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a68-flamsteed-p-jpg/ 68_Flamsteed P /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a69-copernicus-secondary-craters-jpg/ 69_Copernicus secondary craters
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a70-humboltianum-basin-jpg/ 70_Humboltianum basin /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a71-sulpicius-gallus-dark-mantle-jpg/ 71_Sulpicius Gallus dark mantle /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a72-atlas-dark-halo-craters-jpg/ 72_Atlas dark-halo craters /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a73-smythii-basin-jpg/ 73_Smythii basin
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a74-copernicus-h-jpg/ 74_Copernicus H /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a75-ptolemaeus-b-jpg/ 75_Ptolemaeus B /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a76-w-bond-jpg/ 76_W. Bond /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a77-sirsalis-rille-jpg/ 77_Sirsalis Rille
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a78-lambert-r-jpg/ 78_Lambert R /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a79-sinus-aestuum-jpg/ 79_Sinus Aestuum /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a80-orientale-basin-jpg/ 80_Orientale basin /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a81-hesiodus-a-jpg/ 81_Hesiodus A
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a82-linne-jpg/ 82_Linne /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a83-plato-craterlets-jpg/ 83_Plato craterlets /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a84-pitatus-jpg/ 84_Pitatus /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a85-langrenus-rays-jpg/ 85_Langrenus rays
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a86-prinz-rilles-jpg/ 86_Prinz Rilles /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a87-humboldt-jpg/ 87_Humboldt /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a88-peary-jpg/ 88_Peary /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a89-valentine-dome-jpg/ 89_Valentine Dome
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a90-armstrong-aldrin-and-collins-jpg/ 90_Armstrong Aldrin and Collins /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a91-de-gasparis-rilles-jpg/ 91_De Gasparis Rilles /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a92-gylden-valley-jpg/ 92_Gylden Valley /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a93-dionysius-rays-jpg/ 93_Dionysius rays
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a94-drygalski-jpg/ 94_Drygalski /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a95-procellarum-basin-jpg/ 95_Procellarum basin /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a96-leibnitz-mountains-jpg/ 96_Leibnitz Mountains /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a97-inghirami-valley-jpg/ 97_Inghirami Valley
/album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a98-imbrium-lava-flows-jpg/ 98_Imbrium lava flows /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a99-ina-caldera-jpg/ 99_Ina caldera /album/galleria-foto-lunar-100/a100-mare-marginis-swirls-jpg/ 100_Mare Marginis swirls
Oggetti: 1 - 99 di 99